Filed under: Service branches
HPRC wishes a Happy 241st Birthday to the U.S. Marine Corps!
On November 10, 1775, the Second Continental Congress passed a resolution—sponsored by John Adams—that established the Marine Corps. In its infancy, the Marine Corps was instrumental during key battles of the Revolutionary War. The Marines also were an important part of major land and sea battles during the Civil War and the War of 1812.
There are over 180,000 active-duty Marines and more than 108,000 Individual Ready Reserve (IRR) Marines currently serving the Corps. Women began serving in 1918. Now serving in 93% of all occupational fields and 62% of all billets, they make up about 7% of the total Corps. In 2015, more than 14,000 Marines deployed to locations such as Kuwait, Bahrain, and Iraq, leaving over 12,000 loved ones at home.
Marine Corps birthday celebrations will be numerous! The Marine Corps Heritage Foundation in Dumfries, VA and the National Museum of the Marine Corps in Triangle, VA will host cake-cutting ceremonies on November 10. The annual Commandant’s Marine Corps Birthday Ball will be held on November 12 at the National Harbor in Maryland.
Take time to thank a Marine for her or his service this November 10. Check out the 241st Marine Corps Birthday Message video too.
Several of the service branches have recently updated their body fat composition standards. The U.S. Armed Forces uses body composition (a measure of a person’s body fat) as one factor to determine a service member’s fitness level.
Each service has its own standards (within DoD guidelines 1308.1) and evaluation methods. Whether you’re a healthcare provider or service member, check out HPRC’s Body Fat Standards by Service Branch infosheet to compare the different service standards.
As you probably know, Columbus had ships. And the Navy has ships. And both had something to do with the birth of the United States of America. After that, any connection is a bit of a stretch. After five weeks at sea, Columbus made first landfall in the Americas on 12 October 1492 on an island in the Bahamas. In 1937, Columbus Day became a federal holiday, and since 1970 it has been on the second Monday in October.
The Second Continental Congress—the group that governed during the American Revolution and eventually passed our Declaration of Independence in 1776—created the Continental Navy in 1775. It began by authorizing two armed ships and crews to destroy munitions ships that provided supplies for the British Army in America. During the war, the Navy deployed as many as 20 warships at a time. Following the war, Congress sold the remaining warships and released their crews.
However, the new Constitution of the United States included instructions “to provide and maintain a navy,” so in 1794 the War Department oversaw the construction and manning of six new ships, and on 30 April 1798 Congress established the Department of the Navy. The United States Navy has existed continuously since then. Despite this second “birthday,” in 1972 the Chief of Naval Operations established 13 October as the officially recognized anniversary. For interesting facts, articles, activities, and more, check out the official “Navy Birthday” web page. And find something fun to do! After all, thanks to Columbus, this year it’s a holiday!