Filed under: Service branches
As you probably know, Columbus had ships. And the Navy has ships. And both had something to do with the birth of the United States of America. After that, any connection is a bit of a stretch. After five weeks at sea, Columbus made first landfall in the Americas on 12 October 1492 on an island in the Bahamas. In 1937, Columbus Day became a federal holiday, and since 1970 it has been on the second Monday in October.
The Second Continental Congress—the group that governed during the American Revolution and eventually passed our Declaration of Independence in 1776—created the Continental Navy in 1775. It began by authorizing two armed ships and crews to destroy munitions ships that provided supplies for the British Army in America. During the war, the Navy deployed as many as 20 warships at a time. Following the war, Congress sold the remaining warships and released their crews.
However, the new Constitution of the United States included instructions “to provide and maintain a navy,” so in 1794 the War Department oversaw the construction and manning of six new ships, and on 30 April 1798 Congress established the Department of the Navy. The United States Navy has existed continuously since then. Despite this second “birthday,” in 1972 the Chief of Naval Operations established 13 October as the officially recognized anniversary. For interesting facts, articles, activities, and more, check out the official “Navy Birthday” web page. And find something fun to do! After all, thanks to Columbus, this year it’s a holiday!
Vibram’s line of FiveFingers shoes, or VFFs (also known as toe shoes), has become the most controversial item in military running. Army officials have banned them from the PT test over worries they might give some soldiers an unfair advantage. The Navy has also nixed them while Air Force and Marine Corps leaders have given the OK for them to be used. A recent article in Army Times.com take a closer look at the toe shoe controversy and provides current policy stands for the service branches.