Tips on tendonitis— published: 11-20-2013
You’ve been training, and now you’re in pain. It could be you’re having a painful introduction to one of your tendons. Strong tendons connect your muscles to the bones in your body and help you move by pulling on the bones when your muscles contract. Damage to tendons can occur from repetitive activities (including running and firing your weapon repeatedly over an extended period of time) or from sudden movements that put too much stress on a tendon. If you can’t avoid these activities, then pay attention to the warning signs that a tendon could be reaching its breaking point: pain, especially when moving the affected area; swelling over the area of pain; and, possibly, loss of motion in the joint.
The best way to avoid having to get treatment for tendonitis is to prevent it from happening in the first place! Follow these tips:
- Overall health: Maintain a healthy diet and weight, and check out HPRC’s Nutrition domain.
- Posture and body mechanics: Pay attention to your posture and make sure that you use correct body mechanics, especially when lifting and moving heavy objects.
- Maintain adequate muscle strength so your body can react to stresses you place on it.
- Maintain adequate flexibility.
- Consider proper workout gear, especially footwear; check out this HPRC article for more information.
- Activity modification: Rest the affected area. This could mean taking some time off from activities that cause pain and further damage. For example, if you’re a runner with Achilles tendonitis, try biking instead until the tendon has healed enough.
- Ice: Cold can help to decrease pain and swelling.
- Physical therapy: Gentle stretching and strengthening exercises, as well as massage, might help but should be done under the supervision of a healthcare provider.
- Anti-inflammatory medications: Ask your physician about medications that can help your condition.
- Bracing or casting might be needed in severe cases.
You should see your doctor right away if you experience fever, redness, and warmth in the affected area, or multiple sites of pain. For more information on injury prevention, check out HPRC’s “Preventing common injuries,” which covers six specific areas of injury: wrist and hand, knee, ankle, rotator cuff, back, and IT band.