Filed under: Dietary supplements
Do you buy dietary supplements when you want to lose weight, improve your performance, or give yourself a boost to get through a long day or hard workout? Then watch for this soon-to-be-released service-wide educational campaign by the Department of Defense in collaboration with the Human Performance Resource Center. Operation Supplement Safety (OPSS) will help Warfighters and their families make informed decisions when choosing dietary supplements. See HPRC’s new OPSS link for an introductory article on supplement safety.
HPRC has received a number of questions about whether dietary supplements—especially those used for bodybuilding and weight loss—could result in a positive result on military drug tests.
Military drug testing begins with urine, which is first screened and then followed by additional tests depending on the outcome of the screen. You can get extensive information about DoD’s drug policy and drug testing from the Drug Demand Reduction Program (DDRP), including military testing. And for answers about the potential effects of specific dietary supplements on drug screening tests, you can contact your service’s military drug-testing laboratory by phone or email at:
- U.S. Army, Fort Meade, MD – 301-677-7085 or USArmy.Meade.Medcomemail@example.com
- U.S. Army, Tripler AMC, HI – 808-433-5176 or firstname.lastname@example.org
- U.S. Navy, Great Lakes, IL – 847-688-2045, press 2 or ext 113, or NDSLGLemail@example.com
- U.S. Navy, San Diego, CA – 619-532-5180 or NDSLSDfirstname.lastname@example.org
- U.S. Navy, Jacksonville, FL – 904-542-7755, press 2 or ext 104, or DLJAX@med.navy.mil
- U.S. Air Force, Lackland AFB, TX – 210-292-3101 or email@example.com
Positive urinalysis results due to dietary supplement use can occur because products on the market may contain undeclared drug ingredients—that is, controlled substances that are not stated/listed on the product label. More information can be found in the FDA Consumer Update There you will also find information about how to get updates about products FDA has identified as tainted. There is no way to know if a particular supplement contains an undeclared drug without laboratory testing, but FDA does keep track of such products once identified through its MedWatch program.
The Department of Defense (DoD) currently has no formal policy on the use of dietary supplements and no list of either banned or safe supplements. For more on this topic, see Operation Supplement Safety’s (OPSS) FAQ “Is there an all-encompassing list of dietary supplements that are banned or illegal for use by military personnel?”
A web-based dietary supplement education module is available for military healthcare providers to provide valuable information about identifying and reporting adverse events, how to take a comprehensive supplement history from patients, and where to get evidence-based resources on evaluating dietary supplement literature. This two-hour module is available from HPRC’s website, and continuing education credits are available for those who are eligible.
What do you put in your body to boost your performance, increase your energy, shed pounds, build muscle, or otherwise supplement your diet? What’s in that drink, pill, or powder? What will it do for you? What will it do to you? Is it worth the risk?
More and more Warfighters are taking dietary supplements, most without being fully informed that some of the ingredients could have harmful side effects. HPRC has just unveiled its Dietary Supplement Classification System to provide this kind of information and help you make informed decisions about a particular supplement. To start exploring this new resource, visit HPRC’s new web pages. If you have a question, contact us via “Ask the Expert.”
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is advising consumers to stop using multiple weight-loss products that contain the undeclared drug ingredient sibutramine, which was removed from the market in 2010 for safety reasons and may present significant risks for those with coronary artery disease and other heart issues. The following 18 products have received FDA Public Notifications advising consumers not to purchase or use any of them:
- Lose Weight Coffee
- Dream Body Slimming Capsule
- Pai You Guo Slim Tea
- Botanical Slimming
- Fruit Plant Lossing Fat Capsule
- Sheng Yuan Fang
- Acai Berry Soft Gel ABC
- PhentraBurn Slimming Capsules
- Magic Slim Tea
- Magic Slim Weight Reduction Capsule
- P57 Hoodia
- Leisure 18 Slimming Coffee
- A-Slim 100% Natural Slimming Capsule
- Advanced Slim 5
- Ja Dera 100% Natural Weight Loss Supplement
- Slender Slim 11
For more information, see the FDA Tainted Weight Loss Products page, and click on a product name under “Public Notifications.”
Dietary supplement products containing DMAA have been temporarily removed from military stores by the AAFES, but they are still available on the public retail market. HPRC has prepared a list of many of these products to help you watch for them if you are considering the purchase of dietary supplements. DMAA is found most commonly in products sold for bodybuilding or weight loss, but it can also be found in other performance-enhancing products, as well as in recreational party pills. The list also includes other names for DMAA that may be found on product labels. To download the list, go to the Dietary Supplements Resources page under the “Resources” tab, or just
The Office of Dietary Supplements has released new fact sheets on multivitamin/mineral supplements. The QuickFacts version was designed for consumers; health professionals and those who want to know more can get additional detailed information from the Fact Sheet.
A myriad of dietary supplements make their way to the market labeled as “healthy” for the public. However, many contain dangerous substances, including steroids, and consumers have no idea they are taking harmful substances. Supplement Safety Now, a public protection initiative, was founded by the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency to make sure over-the-counter supplements are safe for consumers. For more information, read more about this initiative.
Salmon is commonly touted for its omega-3 fatty acids. HPRC recently received a question about what foods other than salmon are the best sources of omega-3 fatty acids. For a complete answer, including the recommended intakes from the American Heart Association, please see HPRC’s answer.
Many adverse events associated with dietary supplement use go unreported. HPRC has developed one page information resources on how to report adverse events. Warfighters and their families can follow the directions for reporting adverse events to MedWatch (FDA) and Natural Medicines Watch. In addition to these sites, Health care providers can follow step by step directions for reporting via AHLTA.