Discover more about the Human Performance Resource Center
The 2006 DoD Quadrennial Defense Review identified the needs of promoting warrior wellness and applying emerging technologies to Warfighter performance. A series of workshops resulted in the determination that an educational clearinghouse focusing on Human Performance Optimization (HPO) was needed to achieve the DoD objectives. The Human Performance Resource Center (HPRC) was established in 2009 to collect, organize, and disseminate the most current information available on all aspects of human performance. The focus of HPRC is to gather, organize, categorize, and summarize actionable information related to the maintenance, optimization, and enhancement of human performance, in training and on the battlefield. This information is subsequently made available to DoD personnel in a format appropriate to the customer. Principal clients for HPRC products are military commanders (leaders), planners, healthcare providers who support DoD operations, human performance researchers within and outside government, and warriors and their families. The ultimate goal is to preserve and enhance U.S. combat-related capabilities on a battlefield where the likelihood is growing that our Warfighters will encounter potential adversaries who seek advantage through performance enhancement.
The HPRC will provide timely and accurate HPO information across the Department of Defense and build a communication bridge across the Human Performance Communities of Interest (COI).
The HPRC will create a universal DoD awareness of the concept of Human Performance Optimization—what it means collectively and individually for each organization—and an understanding that there is a focal point (a Resource Center) that translates and disseminates timely, accurate, scientifically based HPO information to commanders, Warfighters, medical personnel, and researchers.
- Make actionable HPO information and research results available to warfighters, military leaders, healthcare providers, and researchers.
- Capture, organize, analyze, and summarize in non-technical terms HPO research outcomes and evidence-based data to include interactive query algorithms where appropriate.
- Provide a method for queries and open communication between Warfighters, military leaders, healthcare providers, and researchers.
- Provide a systematic, responsive, and dynamic knowledge-translation process for mission-specific information exchange between Warfighters/commanders and scientific investigators on HPO practices, products, programs, and devices of interest.
- Establish an effective and enduring Standard Operating Procedure that reflects the key objectives of the HPO Conops (Health Sciences Concept of Operations).
- Establish/execute a strategic communications plan to build HPRC awareness throughout the DoD.
DOD Mandate for the HPRC: The Human Performance Resource Center will function to:
- Translate and disseminate timely, accurate, scientifically based HPO information to commanders, warfighters, medical personnel, and researchers.
- Facilitate communication and collaboration for all Human Performance Optimization (HPO) communities of interest.
HPRC within the HPO Organizational Structure:
DoD-Established HPRC Focus Areas:
The HPRC online content is mapped against the following focus areas outlined in the 2009 HPO Conops. Any information request that cannot be mapped directly against the focus areas requires approval by the HPRC Director or Senior Scientist/Educator before any resources are allocated toward it.
- Physical resilience attained through physical training, physical health, and other adaptation interventions
- Preventive medicine measures, including immunizations and drug prophylaxis, dental health, occupational and environmental health
- Nutrition and dietary supplements
- Performance assessment
- Rapid recovery and return to optimal performance
- Health promotion (alcohol abuse, tobacco use, stress management, relaxation, weight control, etc.)
- Psychological resilience attained through cognitive training, behavioral health, and other adaptive interventions
- Ability to function in environmental extremes, including hypo/hyperbaric extremes, temperature and humidity extremes, high/low G’s
- Medications for performance enhancement
- Management of sleep, fatigue, alertness
- Biomarkers of exposure and effect
- Human Systems Integration as it relates to the health sciences
Key HPO Definitions:
- Human Performance Optimization: The process of applying knowledge, skills, and emerging technologies to improve and preserve the capabilities of military members, families and organizations to execute essential tasks.
- Resilience: The resources to withstand, recover, and/or grow in the face of stressors and changing demands.
- Total Fitness: A state in which the individual, family, and organization can sustain optimal well-being and performance.
- Health: A state of complete physical, mental, social, and spiritual well-being, not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
Francis G. O’Connor, MD, MPH
Associate Professor at the Uniformed Services University and Medical Director for the Consortium on Health and Military Performance and the Human Performance Resource Center, Dr. O’Connor has been a leader in sports medicine education and research for the military for over 15 years.
Dr. O’Connor has authored more than 30 articles in scientific journals and numerous book chapters/technical reports/health promotion resources for the military. In addition, Dr. O’Connor is the editor of four texts on sports medicine, including the Textbook of Running Medicine and Sports Medicine for the Primary Care Physician, 3rd Edition. He is on the board of several leading organizations in sports medicine, including the American College of Sports Medicine, the American Medical Society of Sports Medicine, and the American Medical Athletic Association. A Colonel in the United States Army, Dr. O’Connor is a graduate of the United States Military Academy at West Point, and prior to his recent posting at Uniformed Services University in the Department of Military Medicine, he served one year as a Command Surgeon with Special Operations in the Middle East.
Patricia Deuster, PhD, MPH, CNS
Dr. Patricia Deuster, PhD, MPH, CNS, is a Professor and Scientific Director for the Consortium for Health and Military Performance (CHAMP) in the Department of Military and Emergency Medicine, and for the Human Performance Resource Center (HPRC), at the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD. She was the author of the first U.S. Navy SEAL Nutrition Guide sponsored by U.S. Special Operations Command and, because of its success, was commissioned to update the nutrition guide for the United States Special Operations Commands (USSOCOM).
Dr. Deuster, a Certified Nutrition Specialist, has conducted research in the area of sports and warrior nutrition for over 25 years and has published well over 100 peer-reviewed papers relating to stress, nutrition, and physical performance in the military. She has been a tennis professional, nationally ranked marathoner, qualifier for the First Women’s Olympic Marathon Trials, triathlete, skydiver with over 100 jumps, and world-wide scuba diver. In addition, she is an invited speaker throughout the country on sports nutrition and performance.
Meet Our Team
Our team draws on the experience of professionals from a variety of areas to bring together, filter and publish the best and most recent information on human optimization.
Andrea Lindsey, MS
Andrea Lindsey serves as Senior Nutrition Scientist/Educator at the Human Performance Resource Center, USUHS. She received her Master of Science degree in Nutrition from University of Maryland, College Park. Her field of specialty is dietary supplements, and she is considered a nutrition information specialist.
Andrea joined Uniformed Services University in mid-2010 after having worked for over 16 years on a cooperative project with the Food and Nutrition Information Center, National Agricultural Library and the Office of Dietary Supplements, National Institutes of Health. At the Human Performance Resource Center her work encompasses the nutrition and dietary supplement components, which involves reviewing, evaluating, and interpreting literature, writing, and overseeing the website content in these areas. Ms. Lindsey currently maintains membership in CPSDA: Collegiate & Professional Sports Dietitians Association.
Christiane Minnick, BA, MA, L.Ac.
Christiane Minnick is the Lay Editor and Graphic Designer for the Human Performance Research Center. She received her bachelor's degree in Communications Arts and Design from Virginia Commonwealth University in Richmond, Virginia, and has worked in the fields of graphic design, corporate identity, advertising, and marketing for over 15 years.
Christiane has a long-standing interest in how a person can influence his or her own health and well-being. In 2003, she enrolled at Tai Sophia Institute for the Healing Arts and graduated in 2007 with a Master's degree in acupuncture. She is a licensed acupuncturist and practices in Takoma Park, Maryland.
Elizabeth Davenport Pollock, PhD, MS, LCMFT, ACE-PT
Liz Davenport Pollock is the Senior Family Fitness Scientist for the Human Performance Resource Center. She oversees the family, Total Force Fitness, and psychological aspects of the HPRC site. She is constantly seeking out and participating in family-focused programs and research, interdisciplinary research that connects the mind with the body and relationships, and information about how Warfighters and their families can perform optimally on the range and at home.
Dr. Pollock has her PhD in Family Science from the School of Public Health at the University of Maryland, a master's degree in Marriage and Family Therapy, and is a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist. She approaches her work at the HPRC from both a research and practical perspective.
In addition to her family expertise, Dr. Pollock is a performer and fitness enthusiast. As a Division One collegiate athlete at Rice University and a certified Personal Trainer with the American Council on Exercise, she also brings her lived and learned performance and physical fitness experiences to the HPRC.
Ayanna Shivers, MPH
Ayanna Shivers is one of the HPRC’s Psychology Education Specialist and coordinator of the Mind Tactics section, focusing on cognitive and social aspects of human performance optimization. With an extensive academic background in psychology and public health, she has composed and implemented health research projects domestically and internationally. Her research interests include psychosocial variables of health and human performance. Also, Ayanna is an experienced research presenter and RIVA certified focus group moderator.
Kimberly J. Stoudt, Ed.D., LAT, ATC, NRMET-B, EMT-T
Dr. Kimberly Stoudt is a nationally certified athletic trainer and emergency medical technician (basic and tactical) with more than 16 years of experience diagnosing and treating sports-related injuries and conditions. As a professor of sports medicine, she has developed and delivered lectures and labs on the recognition, evaluation, and treatment of athletic injuries. Dr. Stoudt has served on medical teams at the U.S. Olympic Training Centers in Colorado Springs and Chula Vista, as well as at the Salt Lake Olympic Winter Games, Ironman U.S. Championships, Pennsylvania State University Beaver Stadium, New York City and Philadelphia Marathons, Special Olympics Pennsylvania, and the National Hockey Festival.
Dr. Stoudt is an experienced member of the Southeastern Pennsylvania Surge Medical Assistance Response Team and an American Red Cross Disaster Action Team. She has served as a faculty leader for study abroad trips to Greece, Australia, Ecuador, Vietnam, Taiwan, El Salvador, and the Dominican Republic.
Andrew Wahl, MS
Andrew Wahl is the Technical Librarian for the Human Performance Resource Center (HPRC). His duties with the HPRC are manifold and are focused on all aspects related to the day-to-day operations of a specialized subject library collection. In addition to overseeing the maintenance of the HPRC’s electronic resource collection, Mr. Wahl’s responsibilities include providing research/reference, document delivery, and copyright permission services.
Mr. Wahl has extensive experience working in both corporate and government library settings. Prior to his current position, Mr. Wahl was the Electronic Resource Librarian for U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). In 1995, he earned a master’s degree in Library & Information Science from Clark Atlanta University School of Library & Information Science in Atlanta, Georgia.
Mr. Wahl currently maintains membership in the Special Libraries Association (SLA).
Stacey Zeno, MS
Stacey Zeno is the Program Manager for HPRC, is a graduate of Hood College with a Bachelor of Arts in Management, and of American University in Washington, D.C. with a Master of Science in Health Promotion Management. Ms Zeno has authored two published manuscripts on the topics of cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome from her work in the Human Performance Laboratory (HPL) at Uniformed Services University. She is also the laboratory supervisor of HPL.
Ms. Zeno is a certified personal trainer who works with recreational athletes of all ages on a continual basis.
Carol M. Stockton, MArch
Carol Stockton is a graduate of the University of California, Los Angeles, with a Bachelor of Arts in Anthropology; the Gemological Institute of America with a Graduate Gemologist degree; and the California State Polytechnic University, Pomona, with a Masters in Architecture. She is Technical Editor for the HPRC, with a background of 20 years as technical editor for an award-winning, international, peer-reviewed professional journal as well as copyeditor and technical editor for books, monographs, and other publications. She is also the author or co-author of numerous research and other professional articles in the fields of gemology and architecture, as well as popular articles. Now retired from 10 years as a research gemologist followed by 20 years as an architect, Ms. Stockton’s avocational interests include dance and equestrian sports.
Preetha Anna Abraham, MA
Preetha Anna Abraham serves as Research Associate at the Human Performance Laboratory, USUHS. She received her Master of Arts in Applied Psychology from the University of Kerala, India, in July 1999. Her field of specialization was in Clinical and Neuropsychology.
Preetha joined Uniformed Services University in July 2004 and has since served in various capacities in the Department of Psychiatry and Department of Military and Emergency Medicine. Her research involvement at USUHS has been primarily in post-traumatic stress, traumatic brain injury, electrophysiological evaluation of attention processing, effects of allostatic load on health disparities, and heat intolerance stress.
At the Human Performance Resource Center her work primarily relates to reviewing literature articles that account for various psychological factors that affect human performance and translating them into educational materials that would benefit warfighters, researchers, and medical professionals.
Selasi Attipoe, MA
Selasi Attipoe is a Research Associate with the Uniformed Services University (USU) Center Alliance for Dietary Supplement Research. She works with a team of researchers at USU to facilitate detection of harmful supplements on the market. The team also identifies and/or conducts military-suitable dietary supplement research.
In addition, Ms. Attipoe has a significant background in kinesiogenomic research and manages human performance-related projects in the USU's Human Performance Laboratory (HPL).
She has contributed to the HPRC in several capacities: she has developed interactive tools; written blogs, research briefs, and health tips; and translated scientific literature into lay-friendly educational materials. She continues to assist the Center pro re nata.
Robert Clark, PhD
Robert Clark is a Junior Scientist for the Human Performance Resource Center. He earned his PhD in Medical and Clinical Psychology at the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USUHS) in Bethesda, Maryland. His focus for HPRC is on the psychological aspects of performance, specifically related to the intersection of physical and mental health. Dr. Clark specializes in preventing—or improving the mental health and quality of life for individuals with—pain, obesity, and/or chronic disease. He has conducted individual and group therapy with numerous veterans through clinical rotations at both the Washington DC and Baltimore Veteran’s Affairs Medical Centers, and thus understands the unique mental health concerns of military personnel and veterans. He also has a research and clinical interest in improving sexual functioning with the idea that it will enhance other aspects of life and performance.
Branding for HPRC can be found here. If additional information or sizes are needed, please send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org.
HPRC Dietary Supplements Poster [A compressed, high-resolution PDF]
Click on the image to the right for a preview.
HPRC works to consolidate and distribute the best information about human performance optimization from military and civilian sources. We are glad to count the following groups among our partners in this effort.
CHAMP is a Uniformed Services University (USU) and joint service effort that focuses on the health and performance of the warfighter. They are a joint medical resource for the Department of Defense for education, basic and clinical research, and clinical expertise in the area of military unique human performance optimization.
FHPR provides information to: safeguard the health and well-being of Service members and their families, promote and sustain a healthy and fit force, prevent injuries and illness and protect the force from health hazards, and sustain world-class medical and rehabilitative care to the sick and injured anywhere in the world.
This database provides a comprehensive listing of brand name product ingredients and examines natural medicines through the lens of evidence based medicine.
The Real Warriors Campaign is an initiative launched by the Defense Centers of Excellence for Psychological Health and Traumatic Brain Injury (DCoE) to promote the processes of building resilience, facilitating recovery and supporting reintegration of returning service members, veterans and their families. The Real Warriors Campaign combats the stigma associated with seeking psychological health care and treatment and encourages service members to increase their awareness and use of these resources.
Connecting AMEDD Professionals Army-wide.
The Medical Warfighter Forum (MedWfF) provides diverse and comprehensive key resources that will transform the way AMEDD professionals collaborate, share best practices, and interface across the Army Medical Department (AMEDD) enterprise.
The Defense Department Hearing Center of Excellence (HCE) works to improve the health and quality of life of service members and veterans by reducing the tangible and intangible costs of hearing loss and auditory injury. Through enhanced diagnosis, assessment and hearing protection, HCE ’s five directorate groups work together to prevent injury, care for the hearing impaired, educate the armed forces about hearing loss and increase the operational effectiveness of the military.
Defense & Veterans Center for Integrative Pain Management
Established in 2003, the Defense and Veterans Center for Integrative Pain Management (DVCIPM) seeks to improve the management of pain in military and civilian medicine. Through clinical research efforts, it has become a model for effective integration of acute and chronic pain medicine.
We welcome your questions from the field regarding human performance issues, comments about the work we do, suggestions for how we can serve you, and queries for collaboration. Please contact us at email@example.com and your email will be forwarded to the appropriate research specialist or director.